i-brake – The automotive system will have been a killing instrument if not for the braking system designed to it. Braking systems have been to existence ever since the first design of the automobiles. The system inhibits motion by absorbing energi from a moving system.
Berlebihan the years, the advancement of technology has brought different designs and types and braking systems to vehicles. The fact is, they are inevitable on vehicles. Well, brake system components vary depending upon the bentuk and types, but the fact is they serve the same purpose and have the same working principle. A braking system can be designed on any mechanical device where motion occurs, not just on automobiles. The system must meet some requirements which will be explained in this article. Some working performance must be meet especially on high- performance vehicles because they are now designed to go very fast. A huge amount of energi or stopping power is required to reduce the speed as well as stopping the vehicles.
Today you’ ll get to know the definition, functions, components, bagan, applications, characteristics, types, working principles of the brake system in the automotive device.
What is a brake system?
A brake is a mechanical device designed to restrain motion by absorbing energi from a moving system usually by the means of friction. It is used to slow or stop a moving vehicle, wheels, axle, etc. The braking system is a complication device with a lot of parts, but its working seems very easy. After all, pressing a single dayung will activate all brakes on the four wheels. The slowing down is achieved by hydraulic fluid, which is often bleed to get the best performance of the breaking. Air is not allowed in the system else the component won’ t work well.
Most brakes are designed to use friction between two surfaces, they’ re pressed to convert the kinetic energi of the moving object into heat. Though several methods of energi conversion are now employed. In an automobile, friction brakes store braking heat in the drum brake or disc brake which then gradually converts into the air.
On modern vehicles, the brake dayung is pushed against the ahli cylinder. There is a piston that pushes the brake pad against the brake disc, which slows the wheel down. On the brake drum, the cylinder pushes the brake shoes against the drum to slow down the wheel.
Functions of the automotive braking system
Below are the functions braking system used in the automotive engine:
A brake system helps to stop vehicles within the smallest possible distance. This is achieved by converting the kinetic energi of the vehicle into heat energi.
It also functions on a mechanical device where motion occurs, the brake is applied to stop it within a short period of time.
Components of the braking system
Below are the components used in the automotive braking system:
Brake dayung: the component of a brake system is used to activate the brake by pressing it down by foot. It’ s located in the middle of the accelerator and clutch dayung inside the vehicle.
Fluid reservoir: The fluid reservoir is the housing where the brake fluid or brake oil is store.
Fluid lines: The fluid lines are the pipes through which the brake fluid flows in the vehicle.
Brake pads: The brake pad is a steel backing plate employed on disc brakes. It’ s often made of ceramic, logam, or other hard- wearing composite materials.
Brake shoes: Brake shoes are two pieces of sheet steel joined together so it can carry the brake lining.
Brake drum: The brake drum is a rotating drum- shaped component used in the drum brake system.
Rotor: The rotor is a cast- iron brake disc connected to a wheel or axle, sometimes made of reinforced carbon- carbon, ceramic matric, or some other composite.
Brake lining: A brake lining is a heat- resistant, soft but also tough material with high friction characteristics. It’ s enclosed inside the brake shoe.