Adhesives 101: The Basics and Kinds of Construction Adhesive

Adhesives 101: The Basics and Kinds of Construction Adhesive

We all know that a durable house depends on sturdy construction materials. But did you know that the kind of adhesive also plays a role in the result of your home renovation or construction project? Whether you are building a new house or renovating the current one, using the right adhesive is important.

What is a Construction Adhesive?

An industrial or construction adhesive is a special kind of glue used mainly in construction. It is used to attach materials such as tiles, drywall, molding, and fixtures to walls, floors, and ceilings. Your local hardware carries many kinds of construction adhesive, each working well with a particular material, but they share some basic characteristics. They:

  • Are water resistant
  • Dry within 24 hours but usually remain flexible after drying
  • Are water-based
  • Are widely available in cans and squeeze and caulking tubes
  • Adhere to different kinds of building material
  • Have a thick and pasty consistency

Types of Construction Adhesive

An array of durable construction adhesive is available on the market, but if you’re not a construction professional or are not familiar with the different types of glue, making a choice may not be that easy. This list will help you understand the differences among them:

Resin adhesive is a synthetic polymer that can either be thermosetting or thermostatic. Thermosetting means the adhesive may be possible to remold at high temperature. The thermostatic resin cannot be remolded when the curing process is finished.

Contact Spray is used to bond different materials, either temporarily or permanently. The spray adhesive is waterproof and transparent and is good for uneven and porous surfaces. It does not stain, as well, and is quite flexible. It’s also a green choice as it does not contain any chlorinated ingredients.

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Hot Melt can be hardened or softened whenever you want using heat or cold temperature. This adhesive makes rectifying mistakes easy. It is also known to bond quickly to materials once heated.

Anaerobic Adhesive can bond a wide assortment of materials such as masonry, plastic, paper, wood, glass, fabric, rubber, and ceramic without the need for heat, oxygen, or light.

Acrylic adhesives make use of two separate components that mix upon use. Unlike other adhesives, acrylic takes more time to set and dry. There are two different types of acrylic adhesives, the solvent and emulsion ones.

Epoxy Adhesives bond concrete surfaces. They are used widely in the automobile and aircraft industries. They cure fast and are best for manufacturing plywood.

Conductive Adhesives create thermo-conductive layers between the component and product. Hence, it improves heat dissipation. It is the adhesive of choice when you need to avoid electrostatic discharges, or radio and electromagnetic interference during construction.

Pressured Adhesives are the most popular. As the name implies, this adhesive requires pressure for it to bond to surfaces.

With a wide variety of construction adhesives available, choosing the right one can be confusing. When you are not sure of your choice, check the product label carefully. Adhesives used indoors may not work as well outside because of temperature changes and moisture.